If New York wants to pretend that it’s democratic, it needs to fix how its elections work. The United States as a whole is not a shining beacon of voter turnout, instead trailing most of the developed world, according to the Pew Research Center, but New York’s turnout is absolutely abysmal. In 2008, only 19.5 percent of eligible voters participated in the presidential primaries. During the 2014 midterm elections, when congressional seats were up for grabs, turnout was only 28.8 percent. And here’s another fun fact: in 2012, only 1.4 percent of New York Republicans cast a vote in the presidential primaries, according to the Bipartisan Policy Center. Those numbers should terrify anyone who wants to have faith in participatory democracy. It’s true that the presidential primaries are garnering a lot more interest than usual, both nationally and across the state. One needn’t look further than Stony Brook University, where…